Creative Commons

Today Ben introduced us to Creative Commons. It’s where people can share there work and let the public use it without any copyright issues and vice versa, where you can take the work without worrying about copyright. It’s free to use and is a great source.

I simply typed in “computer” into the search and went on google images and this lovely photo popped up.


A good ol’ fashioned Apple computer. Beautiful.


Social Media Survey

I went on Survey Monkey’s website and created a short 5 question survey that relates to social media. The participants were 12 people of the ages 20-21. All of them have had social media for years and at a much younger age. What I found most surprising was how much they rely on social media for maintaining friendships. If being honest I don’t think I would be as close with my friends if I didn’t have social media too. For me using snapchat is so much easier than texting or calling. It’s an easy way of keeping in contact with the people I don’t see everyday.

Below are the screenshots of my results.

Thank you to everyone who participated!


Cyber Activism

cyberactivism charlie brown

This weeks topic is definitely an interesting one. This term refers to people trying to make a change. “Cyber activism is the process of using Internet-based socialising and communication techniques to create, operate and manage activism of any type.” (Technopedia) There are benefits to this online activism, it’s cheaper, can reach a worldwide audience and is much faster. “Online activism is at its most effective when it is about creating and spreading opinions, ‘making voice heard’ as such.” (Hyvönen, 2015) It’s a place where the people can speak out and get their message across.

Now I say it is interesting because people are always on the opposite ends of the spectrum. One one hand you have people who think cyber activism is a great way to connect with other people to let them know their thoughts and to share ideas with one another. However, you then have people who think cyber activism is just a way for people to stir up trouble and cause some sort of havoc in the online and real world. Take WikiLeaks for example. WikiLeaks is an organization that ” released thousands of documents that allegedly detail the methods and tools that the CIA uses to break into phones, TVs and cars.” (Holland, 2017) When this was released it caused a chaos and people didn’t know whether or not they should feel safe anymore. It’s a huge invasion of privacy and a scary thought that people are just going through your personal things. There are some people who wish they never knew and would love to live in oblivion. Reminds me of the example Ben used in the tutorial. He asked us if we would want to know if our dear and lovely so-called perfect partner cheated on us. I, of course, said yes because I don’t want to live in oblivion. Yes people cheat, yes the government spies and can’t really be trusted, but I still want to know. Who knows if it will change anything but I still would prefer to know, no matter how much it hurts me or bothers me. I believe the people should know how their government is peeping on them.

You also have the hacking group Anonymous. They have stirred up quite a bit of trouble and chaos. “Anonymous activists attacked and shut down several government websites before the ouster of former President Zine al Abedine Ben Ali. They have also targeted governments they see as enemies of free speech. Last month the website of Zimbabwe’s finance ministry was hacked and the homepage replaced by a message from Anonymous.” (Bosch and Prodhan, 2012) While such serious acts do cause people to freak out globally, I believe Anonymous are just trying to send a message out and are still fighting for what they believe in. I’m not saying they are good or bad and I’m not picking sides. However, I don’t think they are being chaotic for the sake of being chaotic.



  • Hyvönen, S. (2015). Online Activism, the good, the bad, the ugly. Cyberculture and Politics. VT.
  • Holland, P. (2017) What is WikiLeaks? CNET. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2017]
  • Bosch, M and Prodhan, G. (2012) In the Chatroom with Pro-WikiLeaks Cyber Activist. The Globe and The Mail. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2017]
  • Cyberactivism. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2017]



Social Networking

I’ve heard social networking is important to really gain personal relationships online. It’s different than just having social media, where you’re just uploading content (Burke, 2013) . I use my Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat for just uploading content, I’m not actually trying to build relationships and “networking.” With social media and social networking you do end up using the same social media platforms, such as Facebook or Twitter. However, how you use it is what’s different. With social network you must capture the attention of your audience and building relationships with them. Take for example LinkedIn, it’s a website for building a professional network. It’s a great way to connect with people you may know, or people you might want to know. I use it when applying for jobs, mainly because I can put up my cover letter and resume and include all these details of my life I would like them to know. I am trying to appeal to these people so hopefully I can get a job in the future. It’s almost as if I’m advertising myself. I want to put my name out there and reach the right people professionally. The main goal really with social networking is to “interact, converse and create conversation: search conversations, begin new conversations, set alerts to monitor your name, find new ways to connect.” (Burke, 2013)


Burke, F. (2013) Social Media vs. Social Networking. Huffington Post. [Online] Available at: [Accessed on 9 Aug. 2017]


The Web

This may be a bit sad to read, but I feel that my world revolves around the web. There is not a day that goes by where I’m not on it. Not to be confused with the internet. It’s easy to confuse the two and think they are the same, but they are actually two different things. The internet can be accessed by the web.The web is a way of accessing information over the internet medium. It has universal reach and can be accessed through so many different devices. It’s the main reason why I’m on my phone so much. The web first came about in 1989 by British computer scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee. First came Web 1.0, which was web pages connected by hyperlinks. Then came Web 2.0, “An updated or second version of the internet in which users actively participate in its development and expansion by uploading new content.” (Martinez-Lopez et al., 2016) Right now I’m contributing to the web with this blog and all of my blog posts. I’m putting something out there on the web without having any idea how HTML actually works in the technical aspect. I feel that in a way the people are in control of the web, structuring it to what it is today. The web is a beautiful thing because it can provide us with so much information and I feel also connects people together.

Below is a link of a timeline of the evolution of the web. I thought it was pretty interesting to look at.



Aguilar-Illescas R., Anya-Sanchez R., Martinez-Lopez, F.J., Molinillo, S. (2016) Using the Social Web for Branding and Marketing. Springer.




“The terms cyberspace, cyborg and cyberpunk came into prominence in the 1980s.”(Burrows and Featherstone, 2000) Cyberpunk refers to science-fiction that showcases a dystopian future with advanced technology. Burrows and Featherstone define the term as “the body of fiction built around the work of William Gibson and other writers, who have constructed visions of the future worlds of cyberspaces, with all their vast range of technological developments and power struggles.” (Burrows and Featherstone, 2000) It reminds me of movies like Total Recall or Robocop, where you have these high security forces and also a world that’s dark and full of crime. When I think of the term “cyber” I think of technology. With “punk” I think of the attitude, someone who’s an outsider. So when put together the term does make sense to me. Prior to the tutorial, I had no idea what cyberpunk was. It’s actually a very interesting sub-genre. I’m a movie lover and I definitely do enjoy watching movies of this sort.

total recall.jpg                                                         robocop


Burrows, R. and Featherstone, M. (2000). Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk. London: Sage.





Oh man it took me a bit to fully grasp the meaning of cybernetics if I’m being completely honest. When I think of cybernetics I think of the internet. However, the two aren’t necessarily related and I think is why the term causes such confusion. The term first originated in 1948 by Norbert Wiener, who described it as, “The scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine.” I like to think of it as technology that can achieve goals. An example of cybernetics are automated systems in technology.



Wiener, N. (1948) Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine. Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press



What is Cyberspace?

In class Ben stumped us all with the question: What is cyberspace? While we all had an idea of what it was, we weren’t exactly too sure how to explain it. Ben kept confusing us by questioning our answers. It’s not an actual place you can visit, but it is real. Cyberspace refers to the virtual world of computers.  “Cyberspace refers to an information space in which data is configured in such a way as to give the operator the illusion of control, movement and access to information.” (Burrows and Featherstone, 2000)

It’s an exchange of information, just like in the real world, but in this case it’s virtual.  It’s a little confusing because you may think it’s the internet, but it’s so much more than that. Cyberspace is more so this place that exists within the internet and the internet is a network of networks.



Burrows, R. and Featherstone, M. (2000). Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk. London: Sage.




The War on Technology

It’s been a debate for a long time about whether technology is a positive or negative for us. Many people think humans are so wrapped up with technology and don’t pay much attention to the world around us. Whenever I’m on the bus or the train 99% percent of the people there will be looking down on their phone. Sometimes when I’m out with my friends, there will be brief instances where we all stop talking for a moment and check out our phones. While I do think the advancement of technology is fantastic, I do agree that most people rely a bit too much on technology. It’s just so easy to get sucked into it. Our phones have everything really, we can talk to people, use it for maps, check out the traffic, the weather, which place to eat at, and so much more. They’ve been so useful and convenient for us, but I think they’re making us lazy. I did grow up with technology, I had the different gaming systems and iPods, but I didn’t get my first cellphone until middle school and even that was just a basic flip phone for calling only. I received my first smart phone in high school and my first laptop in college. I quickly grew to be dependent on my phone, to this day I still am.

There was one instance when my phone died and for the first time in my life I had to use an actual map! It was summer and I was in Boston, Massachusetts with my mother. It was our first time there and we were just sightseeing and doing so many touristy things. The battery of my phone had drained quickly that day, so before it hit noon it was already dead. There wasn’t anyone around so we couldn’t ask for help. The only thing we had was a map to get us through the day. My mother claims to have terrible navigation skills, so it was all up to me. It took a bit of trial and error but we made it through the day and ended up seeing almost everything we wanted to. I felt so accomplished by the end for some reason. People nowadays wonder how we ever lived without such advanced technology before. It’s possible to live without some of the technology we have now, but people are always looking for the easy way out. I honestly feel the it’s only going to get worse and worse. We will all soon enough be too dependent on technology and the majority of us will be so stupid and lazy. The advancement of technology has been a great thing, but sometimes I wonder about what it’s really doing to the public.